Current Location: On October 2, 2020
On October 2, 2020

On October 2, 2020


News briefing: On October 2, 2020, the Department of Regulations of the National Health Commission issued a new revised version of the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases" (draft revision for comments), and the dra

On October 2, 2020, the Department of Regulations of the National Health Commission issued a new revised version of the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases" (draft revision for comments), and the draft will expire on October 15, 2020. "It is a legal document formulated to prevent, control and eliminate the occurrence and prevalence of infectious diseases, and to protect human health and public health. The current "Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases" was revised and promulgated on June 29, 2013 and implemented a total of nine chapters and 80 articles. The new version of the "Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases" has nine chapters and 100 articles. The content is compared and analyzed. The red (underlined) font of the article content is the newly added or modified content, and the red font with strikethrough is the deleted content. To
Chapter 1 General Provisions
Article 1 This law is formulated in order to prevent, control and eliminate the occurrence and prevalence of infectious diseases, ensure the safety and health of the people of the human body, prevent public health risks, and maintain social stability and national security. To
Article 2 The state implements the prevention and control of infectious disease prevention and control work adheres to the principle of prevention first, combined prevention and control, combined prevention and control, classified management, relying on adherence to government leadership, prevention and control according to law, science, relying on mass prevention and control, joint prevention and joint control, and group prevention The principle of group control.
Article 3 The infectious diseases prescribed by this law are divided into Category A, Category B and Category C. To
Class A infectious diseases refer to: particularly serious hazards to human health and life safety, and may cause major economic losses and social impacts, requiring mandatory management, mandatory isolation treatment, mandatory health quarantine, and control of infectious diseases that spread, including plague and cholera . Category B infectious diseases refer to infectious diseases that are seriously harmful to human health and life safety, and may cause greater economic losses and social impacts. Strict management and implementation of various prevention and control measures are required to reduce morbidity and harm, including infectious diseases. Atypical pneumonia, AIDS, viral hepatitis, polio, human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza, measles, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, rabies, Japanese encephalitis, dengue fever, anthrax, bacterial and amoeba Dysentery, tuberculosis, typhoid and paratyphoid, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, pertussis, diphtheria, neonatal tetanus, scarlet fever, brucellosis, gonorrhea, syphilis, leptospirosis, schistosomiasis, malaria.    , human infection with H7N9 avian influenza, new coronavirus pneumonia. To
Category C infectious diseases refer to: common and frequent, harmful to human health and life safety, may cause a certain degree of economic loss and social impact, need to monitor and manage, pay attention to epidemic trends, and control outbreaks of infectious diseases, including influenza, Mumps, rubella, acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, leprosy, epidemic and endemic typhus, kala-azar, hydatid disease, filariasis, except for cholera, bacterial and amoebic dysentery, typhoid fever and parasitic fever Infectious diarrheal diseases other than typhoid fever.    , hand, foot and mouth disease. To
The competent health department of the health administrative department under the State Council may decide to increase, decrease, or timely determine and adjust the types of infectious diseases of Category B and Category C according to the outbreak, prevalence and degree of harm, and publish the list.    Among them, the list of Class A infectious diseases must be reported to the State Council for approval. To
Article 4 For infectious atypical pneumonia in category B infectious diseases, pulmonary anthrax in anthrax, and human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza new coronavirus pneumonia, the prevention and control measures for category A infectious diseases referred to in this law shall be adopted. Other Class B infectious diseases and clustered diseases of unknown cause with epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases with unknown causes. If the prevention and control measures for Class A infectious diseases referred to in this law are required to be taken, the health authority of the administrative department of health under the State Council shall promptly report to it. It will be announced and implemented after approval by the State Council. To
If it is necessary to lift the prevention and control measures for Class A infectious diseases taken in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, the health department of the health administration department under the State Council shall report to the State Council for approval and announce it.     
The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government may decide on the management of Class B or Class C infectious diseases according to the actual conditions for other local infectious diseases that are common and frequent in their administrative areas, and make public announcements, and report to the health authority of the health administrative department of the State Council for the record.    
Article 5 The people's governments at all levels shall adhere to the leadership of the Communist Party of China in the prevention and control of infectious diseases, establish and improve a leadership system, strengthen the construction of the prevention and control of infectious diseases and the management system, and improve the ability of prevention and treatment. To
People's governments at or above the county level formulate infectious disease prevention and control plans and organize their implementation, and establish and improve disease prevention and control, medical treatment, and supervision and management systems for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.     
Article 6 The state establishes a joint prevention and control mechanism for major infectious diseases. When a major outbreak of an infectious disease occurs, the State Council initiates a joint prevention and control mechanism, promptly conducts epidemic consultation, research and judgment, and organizes, coordinates, and supervises and promotes epidemic prevention and control. To
Local people's governments at or above the county level establish a joint prevention and control mechanism for major infectious diseases at the same level. Coordinate major issues in the prevention and control of infectious diseases, regularly understand the epidemic situation and prevention and control measures of infectious diseases in the jurisdiction, and coordinate and ensure the implementation of prevention and control measures. To
Article 7 The competent health department of the health administrative department of the State Council shall take the lead in the prevention and control of infectious diseases and its supervision and management throughout the country. To
The competent health department of the health administrative department of the local people's government at or above the county level is responsible for the prevention and control of infectious diseases and its supervision and management within the administrative area. To
People's governments at the county level and above other development and reform, education, science and technology, industry and information technology, public security, civil affairs, justice, finance, human resources and social security, transportation, agriculture and rural areas, emergency management, customs, market supervision and management, immigration management, forestry Grassland, medical insurance and other departments are responsible for the prevention and control of infectious diseases and their supervision and management within their respective responsibilities.     
The prevention and control of infectious diseases by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and the Chinese People’s Armed Police Force are handled in accordance with this Law and the relevant provisions of the State Council and the Central Military Commission. The competent health department of the Central Military Commission of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall supervise and manage the work.     
Article 7 Disease prevention and control agencies at all levels shall undertake the responsibility of Article 8 The State Council’s health authority shall establish a national infectious disease monitoring, prediction, epidemiological investigation, epidemic report and other prevention and control work prevention and control expert advisory committees, composed of public health and clinical medicine , Chinese medicine, law, management, public policy, economics, sociology, communication, information technology and other fields of experts to provide technical support such as consultation, evaluation, and demonstration for the formulation and implementation of infectious disease prevention and control policies. The health authority of the local people's government at or above the county level is responsible for establishing the advisory committee of infectious disease prevention and control experts at the same level. To
When a medical institution undertakes a major infectious disease outbreak related to medical treatment, the national major infectious disease outbreak joint prevention and control mechanism relies on the national infectious disease prevention and control work and the expert advisory committee in the responsibility area to form an expert group to analyze and judge the epidemic situation in a timely manner. Put forward prevention and control policy measures and adjustment suggestions, and report to the State Council. Local people's governments at or above the county level prevent major infectious diseases. Under the guidance of disease prevention and control institutions, urban communities and rural grassroots medical institutions shall undertake corresponding epidemic prevention and control mechanisms in urban communities and rural grassroots to establish expert groups according to the needs of epidemic prevention and control. To
Article 9 The state promotes the inheritance, innovation and development of traditional Chinese medicine, adheres to both traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine, and gives full play to the work of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The role of     . To
Article 8      Article 10 The state develops modern medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, supports and encourages scientific research on the prevention and control of infectious diseases, establishes national infectious disease prevention and major public health research institutions, and organizes the development of infectious disease prevention and major public health research Work to improve the scientific and technological level of infectious disease prevention and control. To
The state supports and encourages international cooperation in the prevention and control of infectious diseases.     
Article 9      Article 11 The state supports and encourages units and individual citizens, legal persons and other organizations to participate in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. People's governments at all levels should improve relevant systems to facilitate units and individuals to standardize and guide them to participate in activities such as publicity and education, epidemic reporting, voluntary services, and donations for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. To
Township people’s governments and sub-district offices shall give full play to mass prevention and control forces, organize residents’ committees and villagers’ committees to manage infectious diseases in their jurisdictions, and do a good job in the prevention and control of infectious diseases in their jurisdictions. To
Residents’ committees and villagers’ committees shall play an autonomous role, assist relevant departments in publicizing, education and health reminders for the prevention and control of infectious diseases in the community, implement relevant prevention and control measures, collect, register, verify, and report relevant information in a timely manner, and organize residents and villagers to participate Infectious disease prevention and control activities in communities and rural areas.     
Article 10 All units, groups and individuals within the territory of the People’s Republic of China have the responsibility and obligation to assist, support, and cooperate in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. To
Article 12 The State shall carry out health education on the prevention of infectious diseases and improve the public's health literacy in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The news media shall carry out public welfare propaganda on infectious disease prevention and public health education knowledge free of charge. Citizens have the responsibility to learn knowledge about the prevention and control of infectious diseases, develop good hygiene habits, and cultivate a healthy lifestyle. To
Schools and kindergartens at all levels and types shall educate students and young children on health knowledge and knowledge on the prevention and control of infectious diseases based on age characteristics.     
Medical colleges and universities should strengthen preventive medicine education and scientific research, provide preventive medicine education and training for students and other personnel related to the prevention and control of infectious diseases, and provide technical support for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.     
Disease prevention and control institutions and medical institutions shall regularly train their staff on the knowledge and skills of infectious disease prevention and control.    
Article 11     Article 13 Units and individuals that have made outstanding achievements and contributions in the prevention and control of infectious diseases shall be commended and rewarded in accordance with relevant national regulations. To
Persons who have become ill, disabled or died due to their participation in the prevention and control of infectious diseases shall be given subsidies and pensions in accordance with relevant regulations.     
Article 12 All units and individuals within the territory of the People’s Republic of China must accept disease prevention and control institutions and medical institutions. Article 14 The state and society shall care for and assist in the investigation, inspection, sample collection, isolation and treatment of infectious diseases, etc. Preventive and control measures, and provide relevant information truthfully. Disease prevention and control institutions, medical institutions, patients, pathogen carriers, and suspected patients should be treated promptly. No unit or individual shall discriminate against patients with infectious diseases, pathogen carriers and suspected patients, and shall not disclose relevant information and materials involving personal privacy.
Where relevant people’s governments, health administrative departments and other relevant health and other departments, disease prevention and control institutions, and medical institutions implement administrative management or preventive and control measures that violate the law and infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of units and individuals, relevant units and individuals may lawfully Apply for administrative reconsideration or file a lawsuit.     
Chapter II Prevention of Infectious Diseases     
Article 13      Article 15 People's governments at all levels organize public health activities for the country, conduct health education on the prevention of infectious diseases, advocate civilized movements, improve public health infrastructure, improve the living environment, and strengthen a healthy lifestyle in society Management, improve the public’s awareness of and response to infectious diseases, strengthen environmental sanitation, eliminate rodents, mosquitoes, flies and other vectors that harm people’s health literacy, and improve the health of the whole people. To
The agricultural and rural areas, water conservancy, forestry and grasslands of the people’s governments at all levels, as well as the relevant administrative departments according to the needs of prevention and control, are responsible for guiding and organizing the elimination of rodents and schistosomiasis hazards in farmland, lake areas, rivers, pastures, and forest areas, as well as other infectious diseases. The hazards of animals and disease vectors.     
Railway, transportation, civil aviation administrative departments, transportation, customs, market supervision and other departments are responsible for organizing the elimination of rodents, mosquitoes, flies and other disease vectors in transportation and related places according to their duties.     
Article 14      Article 16 Local people's governments at or above the county level shall construct and renovate public health facilities in a planned way, improve the sanitary conditions of drinking water, and conduct harmless disposal of sewage, sewage, and feces. To
Article 15 Cities shall build public toilets, harmless treatment plants for garbage and excrement, sewage and rainwater discharge treatment systems and other public health facilities in accordance with the standards of urban environmental sanitation facilities.
Rural areas should improve the sanitary conditions of drinking water, gradually transform toilets, conduct harmless treatment of sewage, sewage, and feces, and establish necessary sanitation management systems. To
Article 17 The state implements a planned vaccination and immunization planning system. The health administration department and the health administration department of the State Council formulate the national immunization plan; the health administration department of the people's government of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government, when implementing the national immunization plan, may formulate infectious disease vaccinations in accordance with the needs of disease prevention and control in the administrative region of infectious diseases Increase the immunization plan and organize the implementation of vaccine types, and report to the State Council's health authority for record and announcement. Vaccines used for vaccination must meet national quality standards. To
The state implements a vaccination certificate system for children. Vaccinations under the National Immunization Program are free. Medical institutions, disease prevention and control institutions, children’s guardians, childcare institutions, and schools should cooperate with each other to ensure that children receive timely vaccination. Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.     
Article 16 The state and society should care for and help patients with infectious diseases, pathogen carriers, and patients with suspected infectious diseases, so that they can receive timely treatment. No unit or individual may discriminate against patients with infectious diseases, pathogen carriers and patients with suspected infectious diseases. To
Patients with infectious diseases, pathogen carriers, and patients with suspected infectious diseases shall not engage in work that is prone to the spread of the infectious disease that is prohibited by laws, administrative regulations, and the health administration department of the State Council until they are cured or are suspected of having an infectious disease.     
Article 17 The state establishes a surveillance system for infectious diseases. To
The health administration department of the State Council formulates national infectious disease surveillance plans and programs. The health administrative departments of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government provide residents with free immunization program vaccines according to the government. Encourage places where conditions permit to develop national infectious disease surveillance and immunization plans and programs, and formulate infectious disease surveillance plans and work programs in their administrative regions.
Disease prevention and control institutions at all levels monitor the occurrence and prevalence of infectious diseases and the factors that affect their occurrence and prevalence; monitor infectious diseases that have occurred abroad, those that have not yet occurred in China, or those that have newly occurred in China. On the basis of     , appropriate vaccines will be added to the local immunization plan, and preventive vaccination of key populations such as infants, school-age children and the elderly will be strengthened. To
Article 18 Disease prevention and control institutions at all levels shall perform the following duties in the prevention and control of infectious diseases:
(1) Implement infectious disease prevention and control plans, plans, and formulate prevention and control technical plans and monitoring plans;      and organize implementation;
(2) Collect, analyze and report infectious disease surveillance information, and predict the occurrence and epidemic trend of infectious diseases;     
(3) Carry out epidemiological investigation, on-site treatment and effect evaluation of infectious disease epidemics and public health emergencies;     , strengthen the construction of monitoring platforms, and use big data, artificial intelligence and other technical means to detect and grasp various infectious diseases in a timely manner Case;  
(4) Carry out laboratory testing, diagnosis, and pathogen identification of infectious diseases;     , diagnosis and quality control;
(5) Implement immunization programs and be responsible for the use and management of preventive biological products;