Current Location: Clinical manifestations
Clinical manifestations

News briefing:

Clinical manifestations

Digestive system diseases such as foregastric relaxation, rumen food accumulation, rumen gas and rumen acidosis in ruminant animals are collectively called foregastric diseases. Because it is more common in the busy farming season and after the mother animals give birth, it brings serious economic losses to the development of animal husbandry and agricultural production. The author used the method of integrated Chinese and Western medicine to treat 68 cases of such diseases and cured 66 cases, including 29 cases of anterior gastric delay, 29 cases of cure, 22 cases of rumen edema, 22 cases of cure, 12 cases of rumen qi, 12 cases of cure, rumen acid 5 cases were poisoned, 3 cases were cured, and 2 cases died.
1. Cause
Sudden feeding of a large amount of sugar-rich concentrates such as corn, grains, barley, wheat, etc. or long-term feeding of excessive root tuber feeds, resulting in weakened front stomach motility, abnormally full rumen, rapid production of large amounts of gas in the stomach, Produces a large amount of lactic acid and other substances, causing diseases characterized by increased central nervous system excitability, visual disturbances, and dehydration. When grazing, livestock can also get sick by stealing more than feed.
   2. Clinical manifestations
The main clinical symptoms are: depression, decreased or abolished appetite, decreased or stopped ruminating, decreased and weak rumen peristalsis, disappeared in severe cases, thin stools, significantly reduced stool frequency and volume, sour smell, internal mixing Large amounts of undigested forage, oliguria or anuria. When the body is obviously dehydrated or acidosis, there will be vibrating sound in the rumen, the supraorbital fossa will be inverted, the hair will be scorched, the mouth and conjunctiva will become cyanotic, the ears, horns, and the extremities will not be warm. When standing forcibly and driving away, it is difficult to move. When rumen suffocation occurs, abdominal pain is obvious, the pulse rate is more than 100 beats/min, the breathing rate is 60-80 beats/min, and the body temperature is normal or low.
   Three, diagnosis points
   It can be diagnosed from the cause or clinical symptoms, rumen contents, and urine pH significantly decreased.
   Fourth, syndrome differentiation treatment
   1. Anterior stomach relaxation. The treatment principle is to excite rumen peristalsis, stop spoilage and fermentation, accelerate the elimination of contents, promote appetite, and restore front stomach function. ① Chinese medicine treatment. It is suitable for strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi, accompanied by warming and dampness, and the prescription of Buzhong Yiqi Decoction (Astragalus 60g, Codonopsis 30g, Atractylodes 30g, Cohosh 15g, Angelica 30g, Bupleurum 30g, Qingpi 20g , 30 grams of dried tangerine peel, 30 grams of divine song, 30 grams of fried malt, 30 grams of fried hawthorn). 1-2 hours before taking the medicine, take 100 ml of alcohol, add 5000 ml of water and mix once for oral administration, once a day in the morning, noon, and evening. Alcohol-free can be replaced with shochu, and the amount is slightly larger. ②Western medicine treatment. 300-500 ml of 10% sodium chloride solution, 100-200 ml of 10% calcium chloride solution, 10-20 ml of 20% sodium bicarbonate solution, 500-2000 ml of 5% sodium bicarbonate solution (quantified depending on acidosis ), an intravenous injection. In order to improve the biological environment of the rumen and increase the vitality of ciliates, the ruminant bolus can be taken from the mouths of healthy animals of the same kind and administered to the sick animals; or the rumen contents of the healthy animals can be taken by the stomach tube and administered to the sick animals. Consumption of alkali to adjust the rumen pH.
   2. Rumen food accumulation. The treatment principle is to exclude rumen contents, restore rumen motility, and correct dehydration and acidosis. ① Chinese medicine therapy. Mainly to clear and reduce stomach fire, supplemented with digestion and stagnation, invigorate the spleen and appetite. The treatment is suitable to eliminate stagnation, attack laxative, and use Euphorbia as a prescription (Euphorbia and Kansui 15g, morning glory 30g, talc 100g, astragalus 60g, croton 15g, Sichuan rhubarb 60g, Glauber's salt 120 grams, 600 grams of pork fat plus or minus). ②Western medicine treatment. Oral edible alkali, vegetable oil, intravenous injection of 5% sodium bicarbonate and physiological saline, the dosage depends on the acidosis and dehydration, and a 20% sodium bicarbonate solution.
   3. Rumen swelling. The treatment should be to eliminate swelling, tonify the spleen and invigorate the stomach, treat the symptoms in the emergency, and treat the roots in the slow. The treatment principles are to eliminate rumen gas, stop fermentation, eliminate foam and restore rumen movement. ① Decompression of exhaust gas. For general mild cases, the sick animal can be led to the slope, and the sick animal can stand in a low posture before and high. At the same time, a small wooden stick coated with ichthyol is held in the mouth of the sick animal, and the two ends are tied with ropes to make the animal open. , Chew constantly to promote belching. For severe cases, immediately use a trocar to perform rumen puncture and deflation in the left flank fossa, or insert a gastric tube and lavage the stomach with 1% sodium bicarbonate solution to derive excessive gas and forage. ② Chinese medicine treatment. Fang Zhishi Xiaopi powder (Citrus aurantium, Magnolia officinalis, Scutellaria, Green peel 60g each, Muxiang 25g, Wuyao and Atractylodes 30g each, Liuqu and Hawthorn 90g each, Rhubarb 45g, Glauber's salt 100g , Sesame oil is the introduction) addition and subtraction; it is advisable to use 125 grams of shredded tobacco and 150 grams of edible oil, mixed into a dough, and fill it at a time; or use 1 saponaria, grind the fines, and blow into the nostrils.
   4. Rumen acidosis. The principle is to treat acidosis, dehydration, and improve the rumen environment. ① Use 500-2000 ml of 5% sodium bicarbonate, 2-4 liters of 5% dextrose saline, and 10-20 ml of 20% sodium bicarbonate solution for one intravenous injection. ②To stop the continued acid production in the rumen, 1% sodium chloride solution or 1% sodium bicarbonate solution can be used to repeatedly gastric lavage until the rumen fluid shows an alkaline reaction. ③When symptoms of nerve excitement occur, 200-300 ml of chloral hydrate magnesium sulfate solution can be injected intravenously, or 300-500 mg of chlorpromazine can be injected intramuscularly. ④For severe rumen acidosis, a rumen incision can be performed to remove the rumen contents, wash it, and then inoculate an appropriate amount of healthy livestock rumen juice, which has a better therapeutic effect on this disease.