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Management | Three aspects must be done in the prevention and control of chicken diseases in spring

News briefing: So, raising chickens is a simple thing, but it is not a simple thing. If you want to raise chickens well and profitably, you really need to work hard and be careful and patient. In return, once the time has been spent, the doorway is opened up, it will be

Management | Three aspects must be done in the prevention and control of chicken diseases in spring

Winter is over, spring is here, and the epidemic will dissipate. For us to raise chickens, how should we prevent and control diseases in the coming spring? Everyone knows that every spring is the period of high disease incidence and the most difficult time to raise. Whether it is breeding management or disease prevention and control, it makes it more difficult for us to raise chickens. As the disease has undergone new changes in the past few years, the disease is becoming more and more complex and serious, and there are more and more mixed feelings.
I remember that we talked about this topic some time ago. When the epidemic is severe and the disease is complicated, if we want to control the disease, we must start from the chicken itself and improve our own immunity. The body’s resistance can effectively resist pathogens. There is no god in breeding. Medicine, the so-called miracle medicine, also works with a relatively healthy body to fight diseases. If its own disease resistance is not good, the miracle medicine will also lose its brilliance in this case.
On this topic, some friends asked how to improve the body's own immunity and improve the health index of chickens from the aspects of feeding management and drug health care? Talk to your friends about your views here.
First, let’s take a look at the physiological characteristics of early chickens. The development of chickens at this stage is not perfect in all aspects, especially the immune system is the key stage of development. If it is affected at this stage, it will affect the development of immune organs. Factors that affect the development of immune organs will cause immunosuppression, the body's immunity will naturally not rise, and the resistance will be very poor, so individual chicken farms will have stubborn colibacillosis, stubborn respiratory diseases or even stubborn. Gastrointestinal gastritis has a high death rate and a high casualty rate. The loss is self-evident.
How to protect the immune organs of the chicken from being affected or less affected at this stage, and how to improve its health index? Of course, there are many factors that affect it.
First, look at the feeding and management aspects
1. Avoid early colds and colds in chickens. The earlier the cold and the cold, the greater the impact on the immune organs, and the more severe the immune suppression may be. Sometimes it is difficult to 100% avoid colds and colds. It is recommended to use expelling wind in time. Heat tonic Chinese medicine for dispelling cold.
2. Pay attention to timely ventilation and don’t keep it stuffy. Because the current chicken sheds are all airtight chicken houses, when the ventilation is not good, coupled with the high temperature and humidity in the previous period, it will increase the burden on the lungs, causing pulmonary edema, and even pulmonary congestion. The decline of the function of the cardiopulmonary circulation will affect the development of immune organs and immunosuppression will occur.
3. The humidity should not be too high. Generally, it can be maintained at 65-70%. If the humidity is too high, it will cause mildew of the feed, and the immunosuppression caused by mycotoxins will be more serious. At the same time, mycotoxins can also cause adenomyosis gastritis in chickens. .
4. In addition, in the feeding habit, change the habit of adding lazy feed, add less frequently, clean the trough 2-3 times a day, and don’t let the feed stay in the trough for too long, in high temperature and high humidity. In the environment, feed is prone to mildew.
Second, let's take a look at the disease
Due to the complexity of the disease in recent years, the emergence of some new immunosuppressive diseases has also affected the quality of chicken vaccines, resulting in poor body resistance and immunity, such as adenovirus, which has become more and more common in recent years. The more common it is, it also causes a certain loss to the breeding.
Early purification to prevent some immunosuppressive diseases, such as: adenovirus, leukemia, glandular gastritis, etc., especially vertical transmission diseases. Of course, relatively speaking, for chickens with better quality, this situation is less likely to occur.
Third, look at the medicine and health care at last
Since the development of immune organs is so important, while avoiding it from being injured, some health medicines can be used to promote its development and enhance its function.
1. Traditional Chinese medicines such as astragalus polysaccharides have a certain effect on improving immunity.
2. Use less or no antibiotics with relatively large side effects to reduce damage to internal organs.
3. In the early stage of intestinal health care drugs, choose drugs that have little impact on the environment in the intestine. Since the early digestive system development is also imperfect, if it is injured, digestion and absorption will be affected, and it will inevitably affect the development of immune organs.
4. Inhibit molds and demycotoxin products to reduce the harm of molds and toxins.
How should we truly "feed, raise, manage, and manage" well!
For those who raise chickens, they talk about breeding management every day. Whether the breeding and management is done well or not directly determines the success or failure of raising chickens, because only if the chickens are well raised, the flocks are not diseased, and there is no problem, can it be profitable, and only if the raising is high quality and the benefit index is high, can you be rich. Otherwise, no matter how many years you have struggled, you will be busy working in vain, once you return to the pre-liberation period.
So how do we understand the four words "feeding management"? How can we do it well? Here I will talk about my feelings.
First, say "feeding"
Feeding means feeding and raising. Add food and water to the chickens. So it seems to be relatively simple. As a breeder, as long as you add feed and water, you will be done. In fact, there are many problems in the feeding process that need our attention and debugging. Especially large-scale farms should pay more attention. such as:
1. When the automatic feeder feeds, uneven feeding will occur. The machine's traveling speed is uniform, and the feed in the trough is high and low, and the feed in the trough is high and low. The high place can not be eaten, and the quality will be deteriorated. The place is not enough to eat, resulting in chicken lack of nutrition and lack of resistance.
2. The water line is often blocked, dirt is deposited, or the nipple is broken, and water leakage occurs. The flock will die of thirst, or become soaked and get sick.
3. When self-mixing, check the quality of various raw materials, whether they are moldy and deteriorated, and whether they are out of date. Use full-price feed, check carefully whether there is moisture, whether there is any abnormality, etc. If it is not checked, once a bad feed is given to the chickens, it may cause gastroenteritis, enteritis or other diseases.
4. Check the water source, check whether the drinking water is clean, whether impurities, minerals, pH exceed the standard, whether there is disinfectant, etc., all of which must be paid attention to at any time. Because the chickens drink a huge amount of water, even if they are fine at ordinary times, it will cause a big loss once.
Second, then say "raise"
Many times, we are not raising "chickens", but raising "sickness". Why do you say that? From a biological point of view, chickens are living animals, and so are bacteria and viruses. While creating a suitable environment for chickens to grow, we also create a suitable environment for bacteria and viruses to grow. such as:
1. Escherichia coli likes to grow in an environment with a pH value of 7.2-7.4, and we don't pay attention to disinfection at ordinary times, we will create this kind of environment for it and let it grow wanton. This is equivalent to the fact that we are "raising" E. coli, and it grows very fast.
2. Coccidia like a humid environment, and we usually pay attention to adjusting the humidity, or do not find a way to adjust the humidity, then create a growth environment for the coccidia, at this time, we "raised" the coccidia again, let it be wanton Grow. Then we cure and take all kinds of medicine. Isn't this just playing around with ourselves?
3. There are also mycoplasma, various viruses and other pathogens, which like to attack chickens with weak physique and weak resistance. However, we usually do not pay attention to ventilation, do not reduce the stocking density, increase nutrition, do not pay attention to health care, or always create various stresses for the chickens. It is just in line with the intention of the virus, and it just creates suitable growth conditions for the virus, allowing it to take advantage of the deficiency. Think about it carefully, we are not raising chickens, but cultivating viruses to create a breeding ground for pathogens.
Third, talk about "management" again
What exactly are we going to manage? Some people say that, of course, it is to control the chickens, and that the chickens do not care about the chickens, is it to control the ducks?
In fact, "management" contains a lot of content. For the breeder, he must first take care of the chickens and then the equipment. Pipe chickens are required to be ventilated, to keep warm, to adjust humidity, density and light, to observe the status of the flock, and to prevent epidemics. In charge of equipment requirements, you can be an electrician, a welder, a maintenance worker, and a porter. In a modern chicken farm, the scale is large, the equipment is very advanced, and at the same time it is very complicated. Once any equipment has a small problem and does not operate normally, the chicken farmer must find it in time and deal with it in time. Otherwise, it will get worse and worse, and it will become more and more unusable. When the problem becomes serious, you can find someone else to repair it. Not only will the cost increase, but it will also delay things. If it is a sudden accident, such as a power outage, or overload of the feed machine motor, or the manure scraper suddenly stops rotating, the fan suddenly stops rotating, it will affect the chickens, the small one will cause stress, the large one will cause stress. Cause casualties.
For the owner or manager of the farm, what he has to manage is the breeding concept, prevention and control measures, strict control of disease prevention and control, and strict control of vaccine veterinary drugs. The other most important point is the strict education and control of workers. How to manage the workers well, make them serious and responsible, not to be lazy, not to be slippery, not to work against the boss, how to make them have a sense of ownership, for the sake of the chicken farm, how to form a harmonious, joyful, and positive atmosphere is also a compulsory homework for the bosses. . If improper management makes workers feel disgusted, if the ventilation is not ventilated, the heating is not heated, and the inspection is not performed, the consequences will be unimaginable.
Fourth, finally say "reason"
This principle can be interpreted as understanding, reasoning, and director.
We need to understand the physiological habits of chickens, understand their growth conditions, and understand their feelings. We need to know the principles of raising chickens, preventing epidemics, and curing diseases, how do diseases come from, and how do we let them go? What is the purpose of epidemic prevention and how can it be effective? How to maximize the benefits of chicken farming? You can't just use cheap feed and cheap medicine just to save money and save money. As a result, chickens cannot be raised and diseases cannot be cured. We need common sense and thorough understanding of various things about raising chickens. You can't be a hand-shoulder, ignore anything, only know how to count money. Once the chickens had a problem, they were anxious and sought medical treatment. In the end, not only could they not count the money, but they lost money.
So, raising chickens is a simple thing, but it is not a simple thing. If you want to raise chickens well and profitably, you really need to work hard and be careful and patient. In return, once the time has been spent, the doorway is opened up, it will be easier to raise chickens, things will be done well, and making money will become simpler.